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Effects of Exposure

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| <span style="color:#4682B4; font-size:115%"> '''Deterministic Effects''' </span>
'''Effects, such as skin burns, that only appear at relatively high doses.| <span style="color:#4682B4; font-size:115%"> '''Stochastic Effects''' </span> Effects, such as cancer, that are assumed to pose some risk even at low doses.|} ==<span class="mw-collapsible-headline">Details</span>== <div id="collapse-pre-one" class="mw-collapsible mw-collapsed"> <div class="mw-collapsible-toggle"> <div class="mw-collapsible-toggle-row"> <div class="mw-collapsible-toggle"><span style="color:#ffffff;">[see more/less]</span></div> </div> </div><br /><div class="mw-collapsible-content">
{|width= 95%|style="width: 45%; vertical-align:top;" | Deterministic effects are also referred to as ''harmful tissue reactions''.
They include, for example, skin burns and damage to the lens of the eye.
In extremely rare cases, such as in severe accidents, very high doses received in a very short time can lead to acute radiation syndrome and even death.
|style="width: 4%;" | |<span style="widthcolor: 45%#4682B4; verticalfont-alignsize:top;115%" | > '''Stochastic Effects''' </span> '''Effects, such as cancer, that are assumed to pose some risk even at low doses.''' Stochastic effects include cancer and heritable effects.
There is reliable scientific evidence that [[Absorbed, Equivalent, and Effective Dose | doses]] above 100 mSv can increase the risk of cancer. Below this dose the evidence is less clear, but for purposes of radiological protection it is assumed that even small doses might result in small increased risk.
Although heritable (genetic) effects have been seen in animals, none have ever been seen in humans. Even so, for protection purposes, a small risk of heritable effects is assumed.
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|style="width: 14%;" | <center> [[Image: unscear_logo.gif |100px|link=]] </center>
| style="width: 70%;" | <center> The United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) is the leading international body on radiation levels and effects. [ Visit the UNSCEAR website] or read the [ UNEP report on "Radiation Effects and Sources"] based on UNSCEAR work to learn more. </center>
| style="width: 14%;" | <center>[[Image: unep.jpeg |90px|link=]] </center>
==<span class="mw-collapsible-headline">Quotes from ICRP Publications</span>==

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