System Of Radiation Protection Overview
What is the System of Radiological Protection?
The System of Radiological Protection contributes to an appropriate level of protection from harmful Effects of Exposure to Ionising Radiation. Objectives of Radiological Protection are defined for both people and the environment.
Protection is based on three Fundamental Principles of Radiological Protection related to:
- doing more good than harm (the justification principle),
- keeping doses as low as reasonably achievable (the optimisation principle), and
- ensuring no person receives an unacceptably high dose (the limitation principle).
These principles are universal, but various Exposure Categories and Situations are defined to help apply them most effectively in different circumstances. The System of Radiological Protection is based on scientific knowledge, ethical values, and more than a century of practical experience. It forms the basis of standards, regulations, guidance, programmes, and practice, worldwide.
The System of Radiological Protection overall is described in ICRP Publication 103.
Objectives of Radiological Protection
The primary aim of The System of Radiological Protection is: “to contribute to an appropriate level of protection for people and the environment against the detrimental effects of radiation exposure without unduly limiting the desirable human actions that may be associated with such exposure” (ICRP Publication 103 paragraph 26)
Exposures are managed and controlled to:
- Prevent Harmful effects that are, in principle, preventable
- Reduce the risk of cancer and heritable effects to the extent reasonably achievable
For the Environment
The aim is to have a negligible impact on:
- the maintenance of biological diversity
- the conservation of species
- the health and status of natural habitats, communities and ecosystems
Fundamental Principles of Radiological Protection
The System of Radiological Protection is anchored in three fundamental principles:
“Any decision that alters the radiation exposure situation should do more good than harm” (ICRP Publication 103 paragraph 203)
Optimisation of Protection
Take me back to the ICRP's Guide to the System of Radiological Protection!